Pronouncing Don Quixote in La Mancha
Wed, Nov 9, 2016
On holiday in Spain in 2007 I read Don Quixote — and ploughing through some parts in the Don’s homeland, the region of La Mancha, I thought I’d solved the puzzle of the protagonist’s name: Key-Ho-Tay or Kwiksot?
I’ve previously spoken the name ‘Don Quixote’ as Don Key-ho-tay although of course I’ve been aware of the alternative Don Quick-Sot. The version of the novel I had, the translation by John Rutherford (winner of the 2002 Primo Valle Inclàn Prize) definitely plumps for Kwiksot in its rhymes. For example, on page 222 (Chapter XXVI) of the paperback, he translates a poem to read:
Enough to fill the biggest pot
Are tears of doleful Don Quixote
And when it touched his tender spot
Tears flowed from doleful Don Quixote
So no confusion there. My previous assumption of Key-ho-tay was an affectation I adopted because I thought it sounded more foreign.
But hang on a moment. Checking the Spanish equivalent I find it reads:
‘Y en tocándole el cogote,
Aquí lloró Don Quijote’
— El Ingenioso Hidalgo de Don Quijote de la Mancha. Capítulo XXVI
Quijote, it turns out, is the modern Spanish rendition, after spelling reforms — QuixoteK is the spelling in medieval Castilian — and according to Yahoo’s Spanish Dictionary: translation of cogote, ‘cogote’ is pronounced Koggo-tay, which would mean that Quixote is said Key-Ho-Tay after all.
Obviously, Rutherford’s translation is cleverly making allowance for a traditional English mispronunciation. On another page his translation reads,
‘…Don Biscuit, or Don Fixit, or Don Riskit’. ‘Don Quixote he must have said, Lady,’ Sancho interrupted
Which carries through the Kwiksot pronunciation. And as Wikipedia points out, traditional English rendering is also preserved in the pronunciation of the adjectival form quixotic.